Saudi Arabia and Dubai are constructing advanced solar power systems that they hope might be a significant part of the two nations’ transfer to diversify its power sector over the following decade. Based on a new report in Arab News, Saudi Arabia is investing strictly in a brand new solar energy plan that it hopes will assist it in transitioning away from over-reliance on oil within the longtime forward.
The critical point of this plan is concentrated solar energy (CSP), solar power expertise that has gained some traction over the previous few years without as a lot of press because of the other well-known solar power technologies, like photovoltaic (PV) cells.
The critical thing distinction is that as a substitute of utilizing photons from daylight and changing them into the direct present, as photovoltaic panels do, CSP techniques use the warmth generated by sunlight to transform water into steam, which is used to show a turbine and generate electricity.
In a CSP system, daylight is mirrored off an array of mirrors angled to replicate sunlight as much as a receiver on the prime of a tower. Contained in the receiver, a circuit of water is piped in from beneath and is transformed into steam. This steam is then used to energy a turbine, condensed again into the water, and fed back into the tower to start the method once more.
In the meantime, A CSP project in neighboring Dubai is underneath building that can characteristic a 260-meter solar tower and it’s anticipated to supply 320,000 residents with energy generated from a renewable useful resource 24-hours a day, stopping 1.6 million tons of carbon emissions yearly. When the challenge is accomplished, it’s anticipated to cut back carbon emissions by greater than 6.5 million tons annually.